V krizi smisla tiči misel






         

21.07.2015

O zdravju starejših prekarnih delavcev

Tole bo v kratkem krenilo v objavo.

Health of elderly precarious workers: econometric evidence from SHARE

Andrej Srakar
Institute for Economic Research, Ljubljana and Faculty of Economics, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, andrej.srakar@ier.si

Abstract

In the article we present the results of SHARE wave 4 dataset’ based analysis about the elderly precarious workers and their health situation. Although the topic of precarious work (not the least among the elderly people) is becoming ever more important in Europe, there has been very little empirical and econometric evidence on the issue. We try to remedy for this void by presenting a detailed econometric analysis to study the main question: »Are elderly precarious workers really discriminated in terms of worse health as compared to the elderly employed people?« We firstly present some basic descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis results and tests, followed by econometric results using finite mixture models to appropriately model the heterogeneity among precarious workers. Our results show that, contrary to the expectations, the health of elderly self-employed workers is generally in no way inferior to the health of elderly employees. Problems in health of the precarious workers emerge only when the analysis changes focus to those who are neither employed nor self-employed, while engaged in paid work (»real« precarious people). There are visible differences in the health status of employees and »real« precarious workers in almost all the indicators and in the vast majority of the 16 countries included. Nevertheless, our analysis points to a large heterogeneity among precarious workers which fall into two broad groups which we label »precarious workers for money reasons« and »precarious workers because of »active ageing« reasons«, with clearly visible differences among the two groups in income and health. We also study the effects of social exclusion on health status of precarious workers controlling for apparent endogeneity in the model. We conclude by policy implications of the analysis and paths for future research.

Keywords: precarious workers, older people, self-employed, health indicators, finite mixture models, endogeneity

JEL: I10, I18, I14, C36, C46

Spodnja slika pove več kot besede. Kar smo oz. sem odkril je to, da nekoliko čudne rezultate, ki jih dobite, ko vzamete starejše (od 50 let) prekarne delavce v splošnem in primerjate njihovo zdravstveno stanje s stanjem starejših zaposlenih, razloži heterogenost v populaciji. Na eni strani imate revne, zdravstveno prikrajšane starejše “prekarce”, ki sem ji sam v analizi dal ime »precarious workers for money reasons«; na drugi strani pa dohodkovno ne posebej zamejene in tudi zdravstveno čisto nič prikrajšane “prekarce”, ki jih imenujem »precarious workers because of »active ageing« reasons«. Na spodnji sliki sta prikazani obe distribuciji, uporabili smo modele “končnega mešanja” (angl. finite mixture), na x osi je število kroničnih bolezni. Jasno je vidna prva skupina v modrem in druga v rdečem. Zanimivo je še to, da je druga skupina bistveno bolj skoncentrirana in ne kaže kakšnih koli posebnih težav z zdravjem, pri prvi je slika precej drugačna.

Članek je bil v prvi obliki predstavljen pred nekaj tedni tukajle.

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